Axis 2. – Indian Analyses of Sanskrit Language and Literature

A dictionary of examples, based on the one of the important aspects of grammar i.e the examples (udaharana) found in the four major commentaries of the Astadhyayi (Mahabhasya, Kasikavrtti, Bhasavrtti and Siddhantakaumudi) dating from the 2nd century BCE to the end of the 16th century CE, has been conceptualised. The nearly 40000 examples provided by these commentaries form the substance of as many articles that can be accessed either directly or through the western and Paninian terminologies. These articles explain the pertinence of these examples as well as describe the sequel of operations necessary for arriving at a concrete form based on the given elements.

This work is, thus, in the form of a dictionary whose entries are those examples which are accessed either directly or through Aṣṭādhyāyi’s sūtra-s or by Indian grammatical terminology. In presenting this entire work, it seemed most appropriate to follow the presentation of Paninian grammar made by the Siddhāntakaumudī. So far 4 volumes have been published both in book form as well as in CD.

Indian Doctrines of the Philosophy of Language

The Indian analysis of word and sentence has a long history of about two and a half millennia. This project aims to collect, analyse and present the theories on the “Nature of word, sentence and the knowledge generated by it” from the Indian point of view based on Indian Logic, Grammar, Hermeneutics, Philosophy, etc. Data from all the available sources have been collected, carefully studied and analysed. Next they have been presented in very lucid Sanskrit.