Considering that the sustainable future of human societies depends to a greatextent on our ability to preserve ecosystems through a better understanding ofthe interwoven factors that combine to ‘force’ natural and human environments,the GeoSMIT department undertakes research programs aiming at monitoringand informing on a world undergoing radical and complex changes on all spatialand temporal scales. Without the contribution of satellite-based spatialobservations and information technology, there is no doubt that people would befar less aware of the environmental changes and of the extent of their impacts onbiodiversity, intimately linked as it is to humankind’s future. In particular,integrative research is to be reinforced for assessing the vulnerability of coastalterritories, of ecosystems (ex: mangroves, coastal wetlands) and of localcommunities to a range of risks induced by natural (ex: sea level rise) andanthropogenic pressures (ex: water pollution).
The GeoSMIT is currently developing methodological and thematic researchthrough, for example, the development of new remote sensing and informaticsapproaches, the multiscale and interdisciplinary study of an ecosystem in a givenregion, the conceptualization and achievement of new and shared ways to accessinformation on biodiversity. The overall objective is a wide dissemination ofrobust knowledge through shared web-interfaces. This interdisciplinary researchaggregates on three research axes, all transversal to the activities carried out bythe other departments of the French Institute of Pondicherry.
- Spatial monitoring and observations of vegetation changes in terrestrial and coastal ecosystems using remote sensing (with focus on mangroves)
- Vulnerability of human and natural environments to pressuresinduced by oceanic processes, climate change and anthropogenic activities(with focus on the Tamil Nadu coast)
- Information technology dedicated to scientific data manipulation andknowledge sharing (with focus on biodiversity )